Artificial light, like a camera flash, has a big impact on birds. Never use a flash at night. If you do, it may startle the bird and cause injury.
Even more, is 400mm enough for bird photography?
A lot of folks recommend 400mm as a minimum focal length for quality bird photography. But even at this range, you'll still need the bird to be quite close to you for your subject to fill the entire image frame. However, we consider a 400mm lens to be the ideal focal length in terms of overall capability.
Despite everything, which mode is best for bird photography? Aperture priority mode is preferred in many bird photography situations because it allows your camera to make split-second decisions regarding shutter speed.
Just as much, do photographers use flash?
Most people use flash photography only when it's dark, at night or indoors. This is because there isn't enough natural light or ambient light. But there are many other situations where we recommend it. You can use a flash to get rid of shadows from your photo.
Is it bad to take flash pictures of cats?
Flash photography at night does present potential effects, and so it is important to be considerate. If you are directly behind the camera, then you should consider firing only a few frames before moving on. Peppering an animal with constant bursts of flash is most definitely unethical.
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Learn the Art of Bird Photography: The Complete Field Guide for Beginning and Intermediate Photographers and Birders
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I regularly see images of frogs (which are mostly taken at night) that are way too bright. This is due the photographer using incorrect flash techniques. ... This will eliminate any harsh light from being thrown directly onto the frog, causing unsightly overblown areas.
Your shutter speed should be quite fast—1/2500, 1/3200, or even higher if light allows. If there is not enough light or you are shooting slower subjects, drop down to 1/1600 or 1/1250 if necessary, though you'll have to accept that you may have a lower percentage of sharp images.